Location Lighting for Television
Oxford 2003, 304 Seiten, Paperback
Enables you to master the essentials of lighting and make professional choices in difficult location lighting conditions.
A thorough grounding on the subject for those new to lighting - learn from an experienced trainer the techniques that work.
Provides the solutions to everyday lighting dilemmas.
The first book of its kind to introduce the problems of location lighting for single camera operators and provide an insight into the technology and techniques required to solve those problems. The approach is of a basic and introductory nature, geared toward the student and trainee cameraman. Professionals needing a refresher course on the subject will also find this an invaluable reference packed with key information, theory and practical approaches to different lighting situations.
Introduction: Overview; The Need for Lighting on Location; Lighting Basics: Psychology of Perception; Light Units; Inverse Square Law – Natures Law; Cosine Law; Reflection of Light – Direct/Diffuse; Reflection of Light – Glare Reflection; Television Camera Basics: The Television Signal; Tonal Reproduction and Gamma; Tonal Reproduction, Dynamic Range and Knee; Camera Sensors – CCD Basics; Features of CCD Processing; Television Optics: Focal Length; Angle of View (Horizontal); Lens Aperture; Depth of Field; High Definition Cameras; Colour Television: Principles; Camera Overview; Colour Temperature: Colour Temperature – Defining White; Colour Temperature Correction; MIRED; Change of Camera White Point; Colour Temperature Measurement; Correlated Colour Temperature and Colour Compensating Filters; Neutral Density Filters; Camera Sensitivity – how much light do we need?: Defining Sensitivity; Factors Affecting Sensitivity; ASA Rating and Video Cameras; Light Source: Choice of Light Source; Tungsten and Tungsten Halogen Sources; Discharge Sources – General; Discharge Sources – Operating Practices and Safety; Discharge Sources – Xenon; Discharge Sources – CDM; Discharge Sources – Fluorescent Sources; Luminaires: Luminaires – General; The Fresnel Spotlight or Soft Edged Spotlight; Luminaire Performance; Control of Beam Shape; Control of Light Intensity on Location; Softlights – General Principles; Softlights – Bounce; Use of Diffusion; Softlights in Practice; Softlights – Specials; Open Faced Luminaires; Hard Edged Projectors; Broad Sources/Cyclorama Units and Ground Rows; PAR Lights; Scrollers and Dowsers; Special Lights – Dedolight; Fluorescent Luminaires (Coldlights); On-Camera and Battery Lighting; Specials; Moving Lights – Intelligent Lights; Dimmers on Location: Dimmers; Dimmer Law; Control of dimmers – DMX/512 (Digital Multiples/512); Lighting Grip Equipment: Lighting Grip - Basics; Lighting Grip - Stand Accessories; Lighting Grip - Clamps and Telescopic Poles; Lighting Grip - Clamps; Scaffolding, Trussing and Scissor Lifts; Electrical Essentials: Electrical Mains Supplies – basics; Electrical – Installations; Electrical Safety; Use of Generator; Safety: Basic Lighting on Location: Basic Lighting Kit; Effect of Light; Basic Portraiture; Keylight – Practicalities; Fill-light, fill or filler; Control of Light – use of Inverse Square Law; The Backlight; Background Light; Kicker; Lighting the Offset Presenter; Interview Lighting – Single Camera; Two-handed Interview – Multi-camera; Lighting in the Real World: Basic Observations; Creating the Illusion of Reality; Coping with Reality; Coping with Excessive Contrast; Lighting Continuity; Vision Control and Measurements: Vision Control – the Essence of Good Picture Quality; Use of Colour Monitor; Light Measurement – Incident Light Meters; Light Measurement – Spotmeter; Zebra/Picoscope/VICAL – Aids to Exposure and Continuity; Exterior Lighting: Observing the Day; Daylight Exteriors; Explaining the Basics: Lighting for Subject Movement – Basics; Lighting for Subject Movement – Setting a Crossover; Lighting for Subject Movement – Alternatives; Creating Mood – the Implicit Requirements; On Camera Filters; Lighting Effects; Lighting Demonstrations; Pack Shots; Conference Lighting; Silhouette Lighting; Chroma Key on Location; Lighting Musicians; Lighting in Public Places Supermarkets/Offices/Hospitals; Stadia Lighting – Night; Stadia Lighting – Special Events; Street Lighting; Lighting in Churches; Night-lighting – Principles; Night-lighting – Practice; Lighting for Cars; Cars at Night; Planning Essentials: Planning; Strategy, Lighting Kits and Timescales; Lighting & Sound Pick-up: Lighting Standards: Bibliography: Glossary
Alan Bermingham spent 23 years working for the BBC completing his lighting training in 1970. He was at the BBC’s Engineering Training Centre for many years, specialising in Technical Operations training, and lighting in particular.
He left BBC as a Senior Lecturer in 1982 to move to TV-am as a lighting Director, leaving in 1984 to join the ITV station Television South West at Plymouth where he became Head of Lighting, only leaving in 1992 when TSW lost it’s franchise.
Since 1992 Alan has operated as International TV Training & Consultancy, providing expertise in Training and Consultancy in Lighting. He has worked in over 30 countries as well as providing services to the BBC and most of the Independent Television companies (ITV) in the UK.